Electroencephalography, commonly referred to as EEG, is an effective tool in studying and diagnosing the causes of seizures and other signs of abnormal brain activity. As the only certified neurodiagnostic center in Panama City and the surrounding areas, our team is equipped to uncover the causes of your symptoms.

What Is an EEG?

EEGs monitor the electrical activity in your brain, evaluating the impulses between your brain cells to detect abnormalities. To perform this noninvasive test, your doctor attaches a series of electrodes to your scalp. The electrodes monitor your brain’s activity and send the information to a computer where it is later analyzed.

An EEG typically takes 30 to 60 minutes to complete and is performed in the comfort of our office. You’ll spend the duration of the test reclined on a treatment bed or in a comfortable chair. Your symptoms will dictate whether you will be awake or asleep during the test. 

Depending on your symptoms, your doctor may recommend an ambulatory EEG to collect data over the course of at least a day in the comfort of your home. With this type of EEG, the electrodes are connected to a compact recording device. After you return the equipment, your doctor is able to review the results the same way they would for a conventional EEG.

What Can It Diagnose?

A recent head injury, seizure or other symptoms of a brain abnormality are all reasons your doctor would order an EEG. It can also be used to monitor brain activity in a comatose patient. 

EEGs can be used to diagnose a variety of conditions, including:

  • Dementia
  • Encephalitis
  • Encephalopathy
  • Epilepsy
  • Head injuries
  • Seizure disorders
  • Sleep disorders
  • Stroke
  • Tumors
How to Prepare for an EEG

Your neurologist will give you detailed, personalized instructions concerning your medications, so be sure to discuss all of the medications, vitamins and supplements you currently take. 

It’s recommended to abstain from caffeine for at least 24 hours prior to the test. It is also important to wash your hair the night before the EEG and refrain from styling products and leave-in conditioners. 

If you require a sedative for the EEG, be sure to arrange a ride home.